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Our Environmental Responsibility


We continue our principle of "Being the leader of our business " in the area of environmental sustainability too. We strive for minimizing our impacts by managing all of our environmental key issues from carbon emissions that cause climate change to wastes in line with our environmental policy, environmental management system manual We address our environmental performance under carbon and energy, water, packaging, waste and waste water, which are our main impact areas.

 

All six production plants of Tat Gıda have ISO 14001 Environmental Management System certificate while four of our plants except Pastavilla and Söke SEK plants, have ISO 50001 Energy Management System certificate



Tat Gıda Environmental Policy

Environmental Management System Manual

 

 

In parallel with our vision for constant improvement, areas of improvement in our systems and processes are systematically analyzed to determine the priority areas of improvement. Projects are created for the prioritized areas of improvement, enhancing efficiency and competitive power of our production system. Within this scope, our constant improvement program is implemented under three subtitles:

1) Through the “Total Productive Management” approach, a constant improvement culture with the inclusion of all the employees of the enterprise is created.

2) To enhance the technical analysis capability, “Simple Six Sigma” training and project program is implemented for our engineers.

3) Efforts are made to make sure that the constant improvement methodology is embraced and internalized in all the units with the “Simple Process Projects” aimed at backoffice employees.

All these programs and ten thousands of suggestions and thousands of projects every year serve to further develop our systems and processes. Our efforts prioritize efficiency, cost optimization, occupational safety and employee health and the environment.



 

2014 (TL)

2015 (TL)

2016 (TL)

2017 (TL)

2018(TL)

 Environmental Investments and Expenditures

1.425.332 ₺

2.012.272 ₺

1.778.761 ₺

1.152.392 ₺

3.161.252 ₺

 

 

 

When we assess our environmental impact, agricultural production comes to front as one of our most important impact areas. While striving for more efficient production processes in our operations in one hand, we aim to improve practices of our suppliers on the other hand. We provide trainings to farmers on pest control, fertilization and irrigation. We aim to reduce water consumption and use of fertilizers, which is a significant greenhouse gas source, by raising the awareness of the farmers in the amounts of fertilizers and pesticides that should be used, methods for fighting against insects and pesticides and on irrigation. 

 


Carbon and Energy Management 

 


Climate change is one of the most important risks that affect all sectors, mainly agriculture and food industries. As a company that operates in food industry that is dependent on agricultural raw materials, climate change is an issue for us that must be managed in priority. We, follow a proactive approach in parallel to the target of taking action to combat climate change that is among Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Climate Agreement and strive for minimizing our impact in this area. In this direction we have been reducingpla our carbon emissions and developing projects for reducing energy consumption.

 

Primarily, we are measuring and monitoring emissions related to our operations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In the year 2018, we realized a reduction of 26.138 GJ in our plants’ energy consumption and achieved a cost reduction of approximately TRY 500 thousand through many diverse projects, such as checking air leakage and ensuring line revisions throughout the plants, replacement of cooling equipment with new state-of-the-art equipment in cold storages, implementing new software program for discharge at the waste water treatment plant, and performing line compliance revisions. We reduced energy consumption 6% per ton of production by improvements between years 2013-2018.



Energy consumption per ton 2018

 

 Greenhouse Gas Emissions* 

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

 Scope 1 (ton CO2e)

37.750

39.787

41.815

41.006

33.328

 Scope 2 (ton CO2e)

22.953

24.539

25.145

25.807

22.222

 Total (ton CO2e)

60.703

63.846

66.941

66.814

55.550

Carbon Emission per Ton (kg CO2e)

192

194

207

187

155

*Carbon Emission Calculations are based on the Regulation on Monitoring Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Values given in Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Plan Communique-Annex 5 were used for for natural gas conversion coefficient and emission factor. Scope 1 calculation factors NCV for natural gas: 48,81 GJ/ ton, Emission Factor 56,04 TCO2/TJ and carbon oxidation coefficient of 1 (Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Plan Communique-Annex 4) were used. Network emission factor was calculated by using data of Türkiye Elektrik İletim A.Ş.’nin (TEİAŞ) pertaining to the year 2014.

 

 Air Emissions (kg)

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

 NOx

7.839.154

6.974.150

2.309.776

2.209.212

3.801.732

 SOx

5.394.311

4.791.819

3.030.452

3.033.475

4.589.904

 PM (Particulate Matter)  

151.669

135.155

165.544

162.206

213.260

 

 

 

Water and Waste Water (Water Emission) Management 

 


Reducing the consumption of natural resources, primarily water is among the issues that we put importance for environmental sustainability. Along with managing water accurately, discharging water according to the legal limits without harming the environment is among our priorities. Agricultural products constitute our main raw materials and when it is considered that 70% of entire water consumption worldwide is used for agriculture, conservation of water resources has a vital importance for the continuity of our production.

 


We contribute to protection of water resources by measures taken to reduce water consumption in our operations. In 2018, 240.000 m3/year water was saved by ensuring and extending reuse of the water forming in cooling units of the production processes for a second cycle at Karacabey enterprise; 116.000 m3/year water was saved through reuse of water forming at different stages of production processes of the enterprises for tomato unloading processes; and 135.000 m3/year water was saved at the canning enterprise, ensuring maintenance of the underground cisterns and through automated monitoring of the water stored. 43.200 m3/year water was saved at Sek Süt Mustafakemalpaşa enterprise through reuse of the water used for cooling in production processes. We achieved a total of 534.200 m3 of recycling by various projects and reused 13% of our total consumption in all our plants.

 

 

 

 

 Water and Waste Water Quantity  

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

 Water consumption (thousand m3)

4.138

4.915

4.945

5.350

4.006

 Water consumption per ton (m3)

13

15

15

15

15

 Waste water quantity (thousand m3) 

4.199

4.688

3.796

3.488

2.302

 

 

Waste and Packaging Management 

Our main principles in this area are reducing wastes by preventing waste generation at source, increasing  the rate of recycled and re-used wastes. In the scope of these principles, we are directing non re-usable waste generated by extinction to licensed companies for re-cycling and energy production rather than processing them in our waste treatment plant in our SEK Milk Plant. By this way we are reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as energy consumption. Moreover organic waste (leaves, twigs on tomato/sweet peas) generated by our canned product lines are directed to licensed companies for re-cycling.

 

 Wastes (ton) 

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

 Hazardous

35.461

25.899

339,49*

29,320

14,306

 Recycled

1.593

1.594

3.043

3.970

4.050

Sent to landfill** (Slag Wastes)

320

295.12

296,22

-**

-**

 Recovered for energy

291.2

481.48

734,34

1.175,34

1.408,26

*Quantity of waste sent to landfill, other than slag wastes, is not measured.
**Slag wastes are being recovered and they are reported under recycled wastes.

 


We are assuming reduction of footprints of our customers who use our products as our responsibility as a result of our vision of total chain of values. We are applying a packaging management accordingly that comprise of returnable packaging collection system. We are realizing return and re-use of our packaging material by this system. By such application of SEK Milk plant we are collecting glass bottles, pallets and crates of milk, buttermilk and yoghurt. In case the collected bottles, pallets and crates are in re-usable condition we re-use them after washing process, those which are not in re-usable condition are recycled. In 2018 we managed to collect 94% of crates and pallets and 64% of glass bottles and saved 14.000 tons of packaging material to be deposited in waste collection yards.

 

We are one of few companies that implement a deposit system for packaging in diary industry in Turkey. With this practice, we contribute to the reduction  of carbon footprint of our consumers by re-using tons of packaging every year.  

 

Biodiversity 

Biodiversity and ecosystem services are important for meeting today's and future generations’ needs and for living in a healthy environment. Biodiversity, influences all production processes led by agriculture and food industries, benefits to both economic development and human wellbeing. Natural processes including climate regulation, water, air and soil efficiency, pollination that constitute the basis of agricultural production takes place thanks to biodiversity. 


Loss of biodiversity not only causes serious damage on ecosystem services, but also leads to social and economic losses. 


As Tat Gıda, we are aware of the effects of agricultural and animal production on biodiversity. Our activity fields milk and dairy; tomato and vegetable products and pasta production, also have effects on biodiversity. Therefore we build our biodiversity strategy on the following steps, identifying and assessing, prioritizing, managing, improving, monitoring and reporting our impact on biodiversity. While doing this, we develop an approach in line with the The National Biological Diversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) which was prepared according to the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD). 


Use of natural lands for industrial agriculture has negative effects on biodiversity due to genetic erosion of native wild plants and animal species, deformation of land due to excessive grassing in dairy industry and use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture. We carry out biodiversity conservation and enhance our efforts for decreasing our impact in the food industry. 


We start our efforts mainly with the protection of the ecosystem and biodiversity in areas where our plants are located. We protect and develop natural habitat around our plants at Mustafakemalpaşa, Karacabey and Torbalı. 


With our employees’ support, we created a forest area of 25 decares in the site surrounding our Tat Canned Food plant located in Mustafa Kemalpaşa, Bursa .The natural forest area which existed upon the opening of our plant grew in size as we planted new trees including pine, chestnut, cedar, blue spruce, fir, sycamore, fraxinus, plum, loquat and palm trees. In 2014, we cooperated with Bursa Environmental Protection Services to plant new trees. We planted 150 trees in 2016. The forest is home to many species, notably to the Anatolian squirrel  (sciurus anomalus). 


In 2016, we cooperated with Mustafakemalpaşa Environmental Protection Foundation and Mustafakemalpaşa Municipality, to start a conservation project for protecting the Anatolian squirrel native to the region. We are planning to decrease threats and negative impacts on the squirrels’ natural habitat caused by the divided woodland due to urbanization and infrastructure development, by constructing a passage that will allow squirrels a safe passing route between divided woodlands. One of the objectives of the project will be monitoring and enhancing the squirrel population in the area. 


We conserve and enhance green and lemon cypresses which grow on the 13 decares land around our Torbalı plant, The agricultural engineers among our employees volunteered to plant 1000 cypresses to enhance the local ecosystem. 


In addition to our conservation efforts for the local biodiversity in our operation regions, we have been organizing trainings for contracted farmers in cooperation with local chambers of commerce since 1998. These trainings aim at raising awareness of the farmers about good agricultural practices, conservation of biodiversity and maintaining ecologic balance. Since 2012, we trained 2.612 farmers on good agricultural practices including cultural measures against pesticides, plant diseases, foreign an occupant herbs, plant feeding, drop irrigation, fertilization and harvesting at our Mustafakemalpaşa, Karacabey and Torbalı plants. Thus, we curb the excessive and wrong chemical pesticide use by farmers and ensure adoption of spraying methods that conserve and protect local ecosystems. In 2016, we expanded the coverage of ecological agricultural practices module included in our training curriculum. We also prepared the Farmer Consciousness Raising Booklet consisting of information about good agricultural practices. The booklet will be distributed to farmers.  



We measure the effectiveness of trainings by organizing field visits to the farmers who participated the programme. Following the controls, we score the harvest and prepare Field Control and Farmer Competency Reports. During these visits, we make necessary warnings about spraying, irrigation and we measure pesticide and heavy metal residue values. In industrial agriculture, pesticides used against pests may have destructive effects on pollen carrying species such as bees, which are very important for the development of biodiversity and continuity of species. With the trainings we give and controls we make, we can monitor products from field to shelf and also we ensure reduction of adverse effects of excessive pesticide use on local biodiversity. 


Similarly, since 2009 we have also given trainings to milk producers on feeding, milking, structure of cow milk and hygiene in raw milk under SEK Süt. Until today we reached 1.670 producers with trainings. As part of our forage crops and biodiversity module we aim to raise awareness of milk producers in clover, maize and wheat silage planting. Agriculture of forage crops and grazing may cause decrease in biodiversity, however since cattle in Turkey are usually grown at pastures, they do not have a great impact on the land. Main impact of milk production on biodiversity is due to conversion of natural land to crop fields. With our trainings we aim to prevent permanent damage to land as a result of wrong practices and to share tips for not damaging wildlife in forage crop agriculture.

 

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